The term of "recognized training occupation" refers to training courses which are nationally regulated in training regulations on the basis of §§ 4, 5 of the Vocational Training Act (BBiG) or §§ 25, 26 of the Crafts and Trade Code (HwO). The BBiG is oriented to occupations in business enterprises or similar institutions of public administration as well as in the independent professions, i.e. skilled workers or employees. Training for these occupations is provided under a dual system, i.e. at the two learning sites of companies and vocational schools.
Training in recognized training occupations primarily serves the purpose of providing young people with vocational qualifications. The objective is to give them opportunities for permanent employment. In addition, the training is to provide business enterprises with qualified skilled labour in the long term.
Adolescents aged under 18 years can train in a recognized training occupation. About 60% of all young people in Germany therefore start training in a recognized training occupation after leaving school. Access to this training is not formally linked to a specific school certificate. Apprentices receive training pay.
The development of training occupations. An information brochure of the BiBB.
Many questions arise on the threshold between school and work: What is the right occupation for me? What occupation do I want to learn? What conditions do I have to fulfil? And: What will the occupation be like? The answers to these questions depend on a host of factors including individual particularities as much as the regional situation at the place of residence or work. Information on regionally available training places is provided by the local Employment Agencies. The counsellor responsible for vocational guidance is also located in the employment agencies.
Those who do not directly want to contact the vocational guidance counsellor at the local employment agency can obtain a wealth of information under the following Internet addresses:
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