The budget of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research has been increased up to 16.4 billion euros, indicating once again the importance the Federal Government attaches to education and research.
The departmental budget of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research has risen once again under the Federal Government's 2016 budget, by 1.1 billion euros to about 16.4 billion euros. This has once more strengthened education and research as future fields of priority.
The budget for 2016 will be roughly 1.1 billion euros bigger than in 2015. The increase of about 7 percent demonstrates that education and research continue to be a major priority of the Federal Government.
The reform of financial assistance for people training to become master craftsmen (amendment to the Upgrading Training Assistance Act), which is currently being debated in parliament, will ensure the viability of future federal assistance for advanced vocational training. This includes, among other things, an increase in individual funding rates and allowances. Funding under the Upgrading Training Assistance Act will rise by over 16 percent compared to the previous year to approximately 213 million euros. Funds for supporting gifted trainees will increase by 7 percent, totalling around 49 million euros. The Ministry will continue to provide funding of up to 77 million euros for career orientation measures, which also include analyses of the potential of school students. Funds for inter-company vocational training centres will grow by a third to 56 million euros.
Funding for vocational education and training will thus total around 515 million euros. This represents a 15 percent increase for this funding priority over the previous year.
As a rule, all programmes will also be open to refugees; some successful instruments will be expanded to meet increased demand. This applies in particular to language training, the recognition of foreign qualifications and measures to foster the individual’s ability to study. Additional funds will be provided for promoting the training and occupational integration of migrants who have recently arrived in Germany.
Under the Higher Education Pact, the Federal Government has provided the Länder (federal states) with approximately 8 billion euros to fund additional university places between 2007 and the end of 2015. This sum will increase by a further 2 billion euros in 2016 alone. We will once again invest 200 million euros under the Quality Pact for Teaching in 2016. 50 million euros have been earmarked for the second year of the National Programme to Improve the Quality of Teacher Training.
Investments in institutional research funding will total around 5.5 billion euros. This includes a further 3 percent increase in institutional funding for science and research organizations covered entirely by the Federal Government, meaning that we will reach the goal agreed upon under the Pact for Research and Innovation.
The 2016 budget also includes a rise in research funding under the Federal Government's new High-Tech Strategy. For example, the funding volume for electronics systems will be increased by almost 9 percent. BMBF funding for energy technologies and efficient energy use will rise by a good 6 percent compared to the previous year. Innovation assistance for the former East German Länder will be increased to 159 million euros, an increase of around 9 percent compared to 2015. Targeted funding for research at universities of applied sciences will be around 5 percent higher than in 2015, totalling 48 million euros.