The German G7 Presidency

In June 2014, Germany assumed the presidency of the G7 and invited the heads of state and government to attend the summit at Schloss Elmau in Bavaria. Germany also hosted the meeting of the G7 science ministers in Berlin on 8-9 October 2015.

Federal Minister Johanna Wanka during the meeting of the G7 science ministers in Berlin in October 2015. © BMBF/Hans-Joachim Rickel

At their summit, the heads of state and government of the G7 countries discussed issues that concern the global economy and foreign, security and development policy.

In addition, they addressed the upcoming UN conferences on international climate protection and the post-2015 agenda.

Other key issues in the various talks included:

  •  Protection of the marine environment, marine governance and resource Efficiency
  •  Antibiotic resistance, neglected and poverty-related diseases, and Ebola
  •  Retail and supply chain standards, and
  •  Empowering self-employed women and women in vocational training
© BPA

G7 - The major industrialized countries

The "Group of Seven" or G7 provides a regular forum for the world's major industrial countries to meet for informal exchanges. The group is made up of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the USA. The G7 became the G8 with the admission of Russia in 1998. However, in March 2014 the members reverted to meeting as the G7 after they excluded Russia on account of its conduct over Crimea.

The summits of the G7 heads of state and government are held on an annual basis. Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel hosted the summit under the German Presidency on 7-8 June 2015 at Schloss Elmau in Bavaria.

G7 - Science Ministers

Germany also invited the G7 science ministers to Berlin on 8-9 October 2015. It was the science ministers' third meeting. They have so far met on two occasions in the G8 format. A first meeting took place in Okinawa in Japan on 15 June 2008. A second meeting was held in London on 12-13 June 2013