The Climate Change Conference 2015 in Paris has set itself an ambitious goal: for the first time, a fair and state-of-the-art climate mitigation agreement is to be negotiated that will signal a global commitment to climate mitigation goals.
The new agreement is to supersede the Kyoto Protocol, which expires in 2020, yet has never been acknowledged by many countries. In addition to mitigation, delegates will also discuss adaptation, financing, technology transfer and capacity building.
The main findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) make such a decision more urgent than ever: global warming is accelerating and it is primarily caused by humans. The research results show that very ambitious mitigation measures would allow us to limit global warming to less than 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels. Climate research plays an important role in achieving these goals – not only for Germany, but also for emerging and developing countries which are particularly affected by climate change.
For this reason, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is promoting national and international climate research projects that are particularly effective when it comes to cooperation between scientists, decision makers and the people affected locally.
Basic research is a prerequisite for any decision on how to deal with climate change. Climate research funded by the BMBF aims to close major knowledge gaps and highlight possible solutions.
The BMBF is hosting a series of panel events during the COP 21 in Paris, in which experts will be discussing a selection of research policies: